Magic Realm was released in 1978, and was one of the first hex-crawling rpg boardgames.
In fact, Magic Realm uses 20 hex tiles to create a unique game board every time you play.
The above BORDERLAND tile is placed first, and the players take turns placing additional tiles, until all 20 tiles have been placed.
The tiles can be rotated and oriented in any of six facings, and are then placed next to another tile.There are only three rules about building the game board. One, every tile must be placed so at least two edges touch other tiles (after the first and second tile placements). Two, any tile with 6 numbers must be placed so that all numbers can be reached from the Borderland. Three, road edges must be placed next to road edges, non-road edges next to non-road edges.
There are four kinds of tiles. The above CLIFF is a mountain tile. There are also cave tiles, woods tiles and valley tiles. The brown numbered circles are clearings, which characters move from and to. The light brown paths are roads. The dark brown paths are secret paths, which must be searched for, before they can be used. The black paths are secret underground passages, which also require searching.Each clearing has a number. Treasures and monsters are placed randomly on tiles, but can be found in specific clearings. The treasure and monster counters are placed face-down on the tiles at the start of the game, so you don't know what is in each tile, nor which clearing it is in, until you travel to one of the hex tiles and search it.
All of the valley tiles have a bridge. In the case of the CURST VALLEY, above, the bridge takes you from clearing 1 to clearing 4. A road underneath the bridge takes you between clearings 2 and 5. You cannot travel from clearing 1 to clearing 5 on this tile: you can only follow the roads that link the clearings. So to get from clearing 1 to clearing 5 you will need to exit this tile and find a road that brings you back to this tile and that clearing.
All of the mountain and caves tiles have 6 clearings, and are the only tiles where treasure hoards are to be found. The DEEP WOODS above is considered a mountain tile for the purposes of the game, as well as a woods tile. Woods tiles benefit the Elf and the Woodsgirl, two characters in the game.
The HIGH PASS is considered a cave tile, even though it has mountain clearings. The dotted white lines denote underground roads and clearings. Again, characters can move between clearings 3 and 6, or between clearings 2 and 4, but not between clearings 2 and 3. You can only travel to a clearing that is connected to the other by a road, secret path or secret passage.
The MAPLE WOODS is one of five woods tiles. The woods tiles are generally used for travelling and connecting other tiles, but some of the native groups and medium monsters appear in the woods.
The RUINS is considered one of the 5 cave tiles, even though clearing 6 is only actual underground clearing. There is a secret path between clearings 1 and 5.
The characters in Magic Realm can travel quite easily between regular clearings. However, the cave and mountain clearings are handled differently. Without going into specifics here, moving through cave and mountain clearings slows characters down.
Here is another valley tile. Valleys are where you will meet most of the human inhabitants of the Magic Realm, and are safe havens from monsters. The Inn, House, Chapel and Guardhouse are all placed in separate Valley tiles at the beginning of the game. Two other human gathering places, the Large and Small Fires, are found in the woods tiles, but those locations are unknown at the start of the game
I know I said that you can only travel along the roads, but there are two exceptions to that rule. The first is flying. Characters that can fly (the Witch using her broom, the Sorceror if he finds the Magic Carpet, and so on) to a tile and roll randomly to see which clearing they land in. Also, some spells allow characters to walk the woods, with essentially the same effect. Here is a sample game board built with all 20 tiles. Again, every game board will be different, with different placements of treasures, monsters and human inhabitants. So every game is different.